A brief look at history

1619 Jamestown Colony, Virginia passes law requiring farmers to grow hemp.

1700s Hemp was the primary crop grown by George Washington at Mount Vernon, and a secondary crop grown by Thomas Jefferson at Monticello.

1884 Maine is the first state to outlaw alcohol.

1906 Pure Food and Drug Act is passed, forming the Food and Drug Administration. First time that drugs have any government oversight.

1913 California, apparently, passes the first state marijuana law, though missed by many because it referred to “preparations of hemp, or locoweed.”

1914 Harrison Act passed, outlawing opiates and cocaine (taxing scheme)

1915 Utah passes state anti-marijuana law.

1919 18th Amendment to the Constitution (alcohol prohibition) is ratified.

1930 Harry J. Anslinger given control of the new Federal Bureau of Narcotics (he remains in the position until 1962)

1933 21st Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, repealing alcohol prohibition.

1937 Marijuana Tax Act

1938 Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act

1951 Boggs Amendment to the Harrison Narcotic Act (mandatory sentences)

1956 Narcotics Control Act adds more severe penalties

1970 Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act. Replaces and updates all previous laws concerning narcotics and other dangerous drugs. Emphasis on law enforcement. Includes the Controlled Substances Act, where marijuana is classified a Schedule 1 drug (reserved for the most dangerous drugs that have no recognized medical use).

1972 Drug Abuse Office and Treatment Act. Establishes federally funded programs for prevention and treatment

1973 Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Changes Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs into the DEA

1974 and 1978 Drug Abuse Treatment and Control Amendments. Extends 1972 act

1988 Anti-Drug Abuse Act. Establishes oversight office: National Office of Drug Control Policy and the Drug Czar

1992 ADAMHA Reorganization. Transfers NIDA, NIMH, and NIAAA to NIH and incorporates ADAMHA’s programs into the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

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